Barry Riholtz explains the relation between Greenspan’s Fed policy and the financial credit crisis. Here are the first 3 bullet points.
I detail all of this elsewhere; but perhaps the impact of low rates would be more easily understandable to the Maestro if we put it into numerical bullet point form:
1. Starting in January 2001, the FOMC began lowering rates, eventually to 1%. They kept rates below 2% for 36 months, and at 1% for over a year. This was unprecedented.
2. While these rates had myriad effects, lets focus on just two: The impact on Housing, and on global bond managers.
3. Since homes are (typically) a leveraged credit purchase, lowering the cost of that credit has an inverse effect on prices — i.e., cheaper mortgages = more expensive houses. Since most people budget monthly, carrying costs are more important than actual purchase prices. Hence, a big drop in interest rates can cause a spike in home prices, with monthly payments remaining fairly similar.
Bottom line: Ultra low rates were the initial fuel sending home prices higher.
there’s more. Read them all.